The Ecological Restoration Industry Goes to Washington

Genevieve Bennett

The $25 billion US ecological restoration industry is heading into 2018 with an ambitious agenda. In a few weeks, industry leaders will convene in Washington, DC for a policy conference that aims to position restoration right at the center of responses to the country’s mounting infrastructure and environmental resilience challenges.

4 January 2018 | Ecological restoration is the art and science of helping degraded natural areas recover to healthy condition and function. It’s also, as it turns out, a good business opportunity.

The sector emerged in the early 1970s, after centuries of extraction and consumption of natural resources in the United States had degraded the country’s forests, rivers, and streams to a dangerous extent, sparking the creation of laws requiring polluters to clean up their messes. This new push for ecological restoration also created jobs for engineers, surveyors, hydrologists, and foresters as well as opportunities for investors, construction companies, and others who specialize in rehabilitating nature.

Altogether, the restoration industry generates an estimated $25 billion dollars in economic output each year, and employs more people in the United States than coal mining, logging or steel production. Restoration professionals have their own industry association, the Ecological Restoration Business Association (ERBA), which advocates for environmental policy and regulatory frameworks that open the door for companies to make a business out of conservation.

REGISTER NOW for the Ecological Restoration Business Association’s 2018 Policy Conference

National Press Club, Washington DC / January 23-25, 2018 / Register here

Ecosystem Marketplace readers receive $100 off registration with the discount code ERBX100

This month, leaders in the industry are heading to Washington, DC for an event convened by ERBA that aims to position ecological restoration as the answer to several big challenges facing the United States right now, including much-needed investment in the nation’s crumbling infrastructure, and protecting communities and their assets from disasters like the one that hit Houston this summer.

For ERBA, the policy conference is an opportunity for the industry to make its case. Congress is slated to work on an infrastructure package this spring, and public awareness of the connection between weakened resilience to natural disasters and the neglect of our “green infrastructure” has perhaps never been higher, following historic flooding in Houston and the most expensive hurricane season in history in 2017.

Project developers are also eager to make their case to private investors interested in conservation; the restoration industry has a deep bench when it comes to business management experience. Mitigation banking, a subsector of ecological restoration, has posted a history of reliable demand and strong performance in meeting or exceeded projected internal rates of return for investors.

Invest Now to Save Later

Congress is expected to begin work on a major infrastructure bill in early 2018, and a new round of civil works funding in March under the 2018 Water Resources Development Act. Both could spell opportunity for the ecological restoration industry: after all, restoration companies have years of experience working with developers and regulators to ensure that environmental permits are issued as quickly and smoothly as possible. Having a third-party entity carry out restoration and compensatory mitigation (the main source of business for the restoration industry), rather than the developer being themselves responsible for reversing negative impacts, has also been shown to be the fastest route to meeting resource impact requirements.

“Policy-makers must look for innovative procurement mechanisms to be used in conjunction with the increased level of private-sector capital focused on providing high-quality ecological restoration,” explains Elliott Bouillion, President and CEO at RES. “With sound scientific methodologies, robust implementation standards, and reliable financial assurances, the true public benefits of flood and storm surge reduction, infrastructure asset protection, and community resiliency can be realized sooner and with greater effectiveness.”

A key goal for ERBA this month is making sure that elected officials understand this. The Trump administration took steps in early 2017 to revoke or “re-examine” executive actions and policies supportive of mitigation passed under President Obama, although anti-mitigation rhetoric seems to have been toned down in recent months. That is in part thanks to ERBA’s efforts, staff at the Department of Interior tell Ecosystem Marketplace, to convince Washington that their industry offers a way to streamline regulatory oversight while still delivering results for the environment.

“It’s important for the ecological restoration industry and its members to remain relevant during so much political change in DC,” says Travis Hemmen, Vice President of Business Acquisition at Westervelt Ecological Services and an ERBA board member. “Through this conference, we must continue to educate elected officials and key staff about the economic and environmental significance of our work and learn how to respond to changes in government regulation.”

So what does a good infrastructure package look like for the ecological restoration industry? “It should include permitting reform and water infrastructure as top priorities,” says Sara Johnson, Executive Director of ERBA. “Proactive investments in natural systems’ resiliency now will avoid spending later.”

Catastrophic flooding in Houston after Hurricane Harvey in the summer of 2017 has underscored that point. As communities cope with increasingly frequent and severe hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, investments in green infrastructure such as rehabilitating coastal wetland or removing decades’ worth of built-up fuels from forests can complement built infrastructure to improve resilience.

“Our members have the skill set and can mobilize under improved federal and state policies that prioritize investment in these natural systems and defenses, to reduce needed government spending after the fact,” says Johnson. “Our businesses are also able to partner and work with communities on creative financing to accelerate government spending on resource programs, bypassing regulatory and process delays to deliver robust ecological solutions sooner.”

ERBA would also like to see reforms to the environmental review and permitting processes that accompany new infrastructure and development, including harmonizing US Army Corps of Engineers standards nationwide, speeding up assessments under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), more clarity on when compensatory mitigation is required under the Endangered Species Act, and a new reform and oversight taskforce to make recommendations to reduce delays in USACE civil works projects driven by Section 408 of the Clean Water Act.

Ecosystem Marketplace will be providing coverage leading up to and during the Ecological Restoration Business Association’s 2018 policy conference, both here and on Twitter.

Conference registration is still open and sponsorships are still available. To attend, register here. Ecosystem Marketplace readers can use the discount code ERBX100 to receive $100 off registration.


Genevieve Bennett covers environmental markets and finance, with a focus on biodiversity finance, natural infrastructure, eco-entreprenuership, strategies for scaling public and private conservation investments, and other market cross-cutting issues. Prior to joining Forest Trends she managed a demand assessment project for the Willamette Partnership in Oregon, and has also held positions with the Breakthrough Institute, the NYC Commission to the United Nations, and NYU Wagner School of Public Service. She holds an MSc from the London School of Economics and a BA from New York University. She can be reached at [email protected]

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