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Conservation Finance: Moving Beyond Donor Funding Toward An Investor-Driven Approach

This report shows existing unexploited private sector investment opportunities to increase conservation finance and deliver maximum conservation impacts while, at the same time, generating returns for investors. In order to develop appropriate financing structures and ensure that private sector conservation finance results in measurable conservation outcomes, financial institutions and non-governmental organizations must experiment and define […]

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13 + 1: A Comparison of Global Climate Change Policy Architectures

Critically reviews the Kyoto Protocol and thirteen alternative policy architectures for addressing the threat of global climate change. The authors employ six criteria to evaluate the policy proposals: environmental outcome, dynamic efficiency, cost effectiveness, equity, flexibility in the presence of new information, and incentives for participation and compliance. The paper identifies several major themes among […]

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13 + 1: A Comparison of Global Climate Change Policy Architectures

Critically reviews the Kyoto Protocol and thirteen alternative policy architectures for addressing the threat of global climate change. The authors employ six criteria to evaluate the policy proposals: environmental outcome, dynamic efficiency, cost effectiveness, equity, flexibility in the presence of new information, and incentives for participation and compliance. The paper identifies several major themes among […]

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Carbon annuities and their potential to preserve tropical forests and slow global warming: an application for small-scale farmers

Carbon annuities have been suggested as a means for rewarding landowners for preserving forests and sequestering carbon. Although this is an intuitively appealing approach, the benefits of the sequestration activities have not been compared with the opportunity cost of preserving the forest. This paper represents an initial attempt at analysing how large carbon annuities must […]

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Biodiversity, Climate, and the Kyoto Protocol: Risks and Opportunities

This paper outlines the potential risks and opportunities associated with the Kyoto Climate Treaty with regards to biodiversity conservation. The authors argue that the Kyoto Protocol as currently written does little to advance solutions that benefit biodiversity, and in many ways could unwittingly promote further biodiversity loss from the kinds of projects it encourages, such […]

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Capturing Carbon and Conserving Biodiversity

In this book, ecologists, conservationists, lawyers, and atmospheric scientists detail the benefits of alternative market-based systems for reducing and sequestering the carbon emissions currently threatening the planet with global warming and the destruction of animal and human habitat. Swingland (a conservation biologist with The Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology) edits 20 chapters including electricity […]

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Markets for ecosystem services: Applying the concepts

This paper explores definition and measurement of ecosystem services, development of institutions and mechanisms to facilitate trade and integration of these instruments into the broader natural resource management agenda and toolbox, all with respect to pilot markets for ecosystem services in three case study catchments. Emphasis is placed on pilot selection rationale and identification of […]

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IPCC Special Report on Land Use, Land-Use Change And Forestry

This Special Report discusses the global carbon cycle and how different land use and forestry activities currently affect standing carbon stocks and emissions of greenhouse gases. It also looks forward and examines future carbon uptake and emissions that may result from employing varying definitional scenarios and carbon accounting strategies, linked to the Kyoto Protocol, within […]

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CDM Market Overview

Point Carbon presentation from the 2003 SE Asia Forum on GHG Mitigation, Market Mechanisms and Sustainable Development. Nice overview of CDM demand by country (in terms of preferred kinds of projects and payment terms), offset supply by country, and potential price drivers.

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Market-Based Instruments: The Forum Approach

"The Water Initiative is a World Economic Forum program to ""an initiative to facilitate multistakeholder cooperation in the management of water and watersheds 'from the summit to the sea.'"" The program involves public-private partnerships that identify opportunities for payments for environmental services and the exchange of best practices. The presentation also give an overview of […]

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National Environmental Accounting: Bridging the Gap Between Ecology and Economy

This book presents national environmental, or "green" accounting as it has developed in Europe and other parts of the world. It introduces the most recent methods developed through the United Nations Statistical Department and other international organizations, but bridges the gap between the superficial treatment of environmental accounting in economics textbooks and environmental literature, on […]

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A Place in the World: A Review of the Global Debate on Tenure Security

Property rights have a profound effect on who benefits from forests. Ellsworth asserts that "the increasingly influential neoliberal property rights school of analysis 'over-emphasizes' the virtues of property rights defined in terms of market trading." Of particular worry are that market-based approaches may create new risks to tenure security, rather than alleviate them, and may […]

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Can a Financial Instrument Improve the Management of Natural Ecosystems?

This report highlights the opportunities presented by the 2000 Amendment to the 1995 Pensions Act in the UK to improve companies' management of natural capital, including ecosystems, the services they deliver and the millions of animal and plant species that constitute biological diversity.

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Creating Markets for Ecosystem Services: Notes From the Field

In recent years, a number of initiatives around the world have sought to create markets for ecosystem services, some dependent on government intervention and some entirely private ventures. This paper and presentation will review the status of these projects, discuss their challenges and successes, and reflect on Jim Salzman's recent experience with establishing a market […]

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Where the Trees are a Desert – Stories from the Ground

This emotional report by Carbon Trade Watch gives voice to Brazilians' struggles against the ever-expanding eucalyptus monoculture. The collection of articles cover the social and environmental problems associated with including mono-culture plantations in carbon trading programs, using Brazil as a case study. The authors believe that the eucalyptus plantations, which have been used for decades […]

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Interlinkages between biological diversity and climate change

This report provides background and advice on the integration of biodiversity considerations into the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. The report provides scientific basis for the development of recommendations for each convention. The key points of the report include: 1) within the context of the Kyoto […]

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A Comparison of Japanese, Canadian, and EU Policies on Forest Carbon Sinks

This report compares the approaches of the governments of Japan, Canada, and the European Union member countries toward using carbon sinks to meet their respective Kyoto Protocol carbon reduction targets. Various policies have been proposed by which governments can sequester carbon by promoting afforestation and reforestation, slowing deforestation, and undertaking forest management activities under Articles […]

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Annex 1 Parties’ current and potential CER demand

This Canadian study analyzes the effect forest management has on net carbon sequestration, including, as separate entities, net carbon storage in litter, soils, wood products and landfills. Five forest management activities are analyzed using two forest types (Nova Scotia Red Spruce and Coastal Douglas Fir) as examples. The following activities are analyzed: pre-commercial thinning; commercial […]