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Endowment Model

A Powerpoint presentation given at the 5th World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa, on the endowment model for marine protected area financing in Southeast Asia.


Funding Opportunities for Pollinator Protection in North America: A Report for the Pollinator Protection Campaign with support from the Turner Foundation.

The purpose of this paper is to identify strategic opportunities for pollinator protection in North America. This work provides strategic approaches for active organizations dedicated to pollinator protection as well as for current and potential funders with funding opportunities for pollinator protection. Two major funding needs to further the field of pollinator protection were identified: […]

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GHG Market Report 2011

This year, the International Emissions Trading Association (IETA)’s annual Greenhouse Gas Market Report is focussed on Asia, and is released at Carbon Forum Asia in Singapore.   Its title « Asia and Beyond on the roadmap to Global Carbon & Energy Markets », recognises the shifting focus of the world’s engagement with climate change through […]


Eco-Compensation for Watershed Services in the People’s Republic of China

The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is seeking new approaches to improve water management outcomes in the face of a growing water crisis caused by ongoing pollution control and watershed management challenges. This has included numerous experiments in “eco-compensation” (which shares characteristics with payments for ecological services). This paper details progress in creating a national […]


Aggregation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offsets

  This report examines approaches used by existing and evolving offset programs to facilitate offset project aggregation. It focuses on major existing offsets standards and aggregation approaches, including the United Nations’ Clean Development Mechanism’s Programme of Activities, the Verified Carbon Standard’s grouped projects, the Climate Action Reserve’s forestry protocol aggregation guidelines, the American Carbon Registry’s […]

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How New York City Used an Ecosystem Services Strategy Carried out Through an Urban-Rural Partnership to Preserve the Pristine Quality of Its Drinking Water and Save Billions of Dollars

The New York City watershed protection program may be the most well known example of economics driving a decision to invest in water based ecosystem services. In this narrative the Albert Appleton, Commissioner of the New York City Department of Environmental Protection and Director of the New York City Water and Sewer system, during the […]

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Offsets the Queensland Way

The Queensland Government Environmental Offsets Policy provides an overarching framework for environmental offsets in Queensland. The policy provides a consistent and transparent approach to the use of offsets. It contains principles and guidelines for developing and applying more detailed ‘specific-issue’ policies for offsetting important environmental values such as vegetation or fish habitats. Currently, offsets use […]


Final Compensatory Mitigation Rule

On March 31, 2008, EPA and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (the Corps) issued revised regulations governing compensatory mitigation for authorized impacts to wetlands, streams, and other waters of the U.S. under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act. These regulations are designed to improve the effectiveness of compensatory mitigation to replace lost aquatic […]


BioBanking: Scheme Overview

This information booklet has been prepared to provide an overview of the Biodiversity Banking and Offsets Scheme in New South Wales, Australia.

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Market-Based Instruments: The Forum Approach

"The Water Initiative is a World Economic Forum program to ""an initiative to facilitate multistakeholder cooperation in the management of water and watersheds 'from the summit to the sea.'"" The program involves public-private partnerships that identify opportunities for payments for environmental services and the exchange of best practices. The presentation also give an overview of […]


US Power Industry and Incentive Based Mechanisms – Focus on Water Issues

In this presentation Adam Davis, working for the US based Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), reviews water related issues facing the electric power industry and gives examples of payment opportunities for landowners. He looks at incentive systems, water rights transfer markets and pollutant trading markets. He gives an interesting example of habitat creation as an […]

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Fish and Wildlife Service Releases Conservation Banking Policy

Environmental Defense (ED) lauds the creation of formal guidance on conservation banking. ED explains that "federal guidelines were clearly needed and should ensure greater consistency in the Fish and Wildlife Service's approach to banking, but that the failure of the Service to invite public comment on the guidance is ill-advised and the new conservation banking […]


From our forest to your medicine cabinet

International pharmaceutical companies have been collaborating with Costa Rica's National Institute of Biodiversity (INBio), in a relationship where in return for access to the country's rich trove of biological diversity as a potential source of raw materials for drugs, the firms provided INBio with extensive training and sophisticated equipment. INBio uses its expertise to help […]


Problem Is Shortage of Capacity, Not Revenue Sources

Andreas Merkl, executive director of US-based Conservation and Community Investment Forum (CCIF), points to a considerable pool of potential capital from conventional sources. Merkl explains that this capital is unlikely to be committed unless the capacity to deliver protected area services at a meaningful scale with unassailable accountability is dramatically improved over current levels.

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National Environmental Accounting: Bridging the Gap Between Ecology and Economy

This book presents national environmental, or "green" accounting as it has developed in Europe and other parts of the world. It introduces the most recent methods developed through the United Nations Statistical Department and other international organizations, but bridges the gap between the superficial treatment of environmental accounting in economics textbooks and environmental literature, on […]


When Nature Goes Public: The Making and Unmaking of Bioprospecting in Mexico

"Cori Hayden tracks bioprospecting's contentious new promise–and the contradictory activities generated in its name. Focusing on a contract involving Mexico's National Autonomous University, Hayden examines the practices through which researchers, plant vendors, rural collectors, indigenous cooperatives, and other actors put prospecting to work. By paying unique attention to scientific research, she provides a key to […]