Climate change mitigation by forestry: a review of international initiatives. Although somewhat dated (1998), this paper by Marc Stuart and Pedro Moura-Costa provides a helpful review of some of the initiatives to mitigate the effects of greenhouse gas emissions through forestry. The authors have been keen observers of the forests and climate change debate, and sometimes players themselves in the drama that has unfolded on the international stage over the last few years. Focusing on case studies and issues of particular resonance in developing countries, they present a needed overview during a time when there is potential for both innovation and confusion. If ameliorating climate change and fostering good forest management are to be mutually supportive goals, number of dilemmas in the current international policy framework will need to be thrashed out.