PepsiCo Water Report

 The PepsiCo Water Report details progress on a set of goals organized around a straightforward premise: respecting the human right to water through world-class efficiency in operations, preserving water resources and enabling access to safe water.  This report includes information about PepsiCo’s water policies and management practicies, including support for water projects in developing countries, efforts to improve water use effiency, implementation of water accounting systems.

Coca-Cola Water Stewardship 2009-2010

The Coca Cola Water Stewardship report for 2009-2010 includes information on Coca Cola’s water use and efficiency, involvement in community water projects, and work to protect water source sustainability. Water stewardship efforts focus on three areas: improving water efficiency, recycling the water used in operations (wastewater treatment), and replenishment through community water access and watershed restoration and protection.

Charting our Water Future: Economic Frameworks to Inform Decision-Making

Growing competition for scarce water resources is a growing business risk, a major economic threat, and a challenge for the sustainability of communities and the ecosystems upon which they rely. This report provides greater clarity on the scale of the water challenge and how it can be met in an affordable and sustainable manner. The report offers case studies from four countries with drastically different water issues, which will collectively account for 40 percent of the world’s population, 30 percent of global GDP and 42 percent of projected water demand in 2030: China, India, South Africa and Brazil. The report’s methodology identifies supply- and demand-side measures that could constitute a more cost effective approach to closing the water gap and achieve savings in each country.

Ramsar Data Gateway

The Gateway seeks to enhance the accessibility and utility of data on Ramsar sites by facilitating online access, sophisticated queries, and spatial data integration. The Gateway has been developed by CIESIN in collaboration with the Ramsar Bureau and Wetlands International. The Gateway provides access to data on 1,198 Ramsar sites designated as of August 30, 2002

Wetland Wizard

Wetland Wizard is an internet-based tool designed to allow wetland delineators document wetland plots. This tool allows practitioners to organize and save data in an online database, print, save, and edit wetland data from an internet browser, complete plant dominance and FAC neutral calculations, and search a plant database containing over 7,000 species. As of August 2004 Wetland Wizard was beta testing and free of charge.

The Compleat Botanica

The Compleat Botanica allows wetland managers develop checklists using an indicator and classification fields, monitor biodiversity with a plant-based inventory and share data and results.

Water Quality Trading Assessment Handbook

US, EPA Region 10 has developed this Handbook that will be useful to anyone interested in water quality trading markets in the US or abroad. It steps through how to assess suitability, financial attractiveness, market infrastructure and stakeholder readiness. This is a valuable tool for those look to establish or participate in water quality trading markets.

The World's Water 2005-2005

In this fourth volume of his highly regarded series, The World's Water, Gleick and his research team focus on the most significant current trends worldwide: how to meet the basic needs of over 1 billion people without access to clean water, the growing controversy over public vs. private water, the role of conservation and efficiency in solving water problems, and concerns about skyrocketing bottled water use.

The Fall of The Water

The report, a result of a collaborative effort between the UNEP and IUCN — The World Conservation Union and local experts across the Himalayan region demonstrates that continued unrestrained 'piecemeal' development of these vunerable mountain areas undermines the future availability of water resources to both people and nature. The UNEP and IUCN welcome increased local and international collaboration on shared water resources and emphasize the need for all governments in the region to expand protected areas in the catchments and basins of the great rivers and seize a unique opportunity for peacefully reaching common goals.

Mongolia's Monks Take Up New Cause: Saving Giant Salmon

Along the Uur river, Mongolia — Here in the glacial-blue waters of this wild and remote river, the elusive Siberian salmon, known as the taimen, is in danger of vanishing forever. Scientists and American sport fishermen working to save the taimen have drafted an unlikely ally: a 26-year-old Buddhist monk who wears a mustard-colored robe and uses a single name, Gantulga. Their plan calls for Gantulga and his fellow monks to use their moral authority to persuade the locals to stamp out poaching and habitat destruction. The wealthy fly fishermen must do their part by pumping money into the local economy. The hope: These disparate partners can persuade Mongolians to protect their wildlife.

How Much is an Ecosystem Worth?

The international community has committed itself to achieve, by 2010, a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional, and national levels. Yet, despite growing awareness, and major efforts in all countries, the latest evidence indicates that biodiversity continues to be lost at a terrifying pace, resulting in what some call the greatest mass extinction since dinosaurs roamed the planet, 65 million years ago. A range of methods have been developed to value ecosystems, and the services they provide, as well as the costs of conservation. The methods available are increasingly sensitive, and robust, but they are often incorrectly used. One reason is poor understanding of the purposes of valuation and what questions it can, or cannot, answer. As a result, decision makers may get misleading guidance on the value of ecosystems, and their conservation. In this context, the Bank, IUCN-The World Conservation Union, and The Nature Conservancy have worked together to clarify the aims and uses of economic valuation, focusing on the types of questions that valuation can answer, and the type of valuation that is best suited to each purpose. This document is the result of that co-operation. It aims to provide guidance on how economic valuation can be used to address specific, policy-relevant questions about nature conservation.

Principles for Pro-Poor Payment Systems

Presentation to CARE/WWF workshop on Pro-Poor Payments for Environmental Services; Bogor, Indonesia. An outline of the basic element to making ecosystem services payments work for the poor.

The BioCarbon Fund

Interesting presentation from the Forestry and Agriculture GHG Modeling Forum (FORAG) in 2004 describing the goals and activities of the BioCarbon Fund. Also, includes some fascinating graphs about possible avoided deforestation and fire management projects, along with other modelling data regarding sinks.

Economics of Sequestering Carbon in the U.S. Agricultural Sector

The analysis employs the ERS U.S. Agricultural Sector Model to evaluate whether farmers adopt three types of sequestering activities – afforesting croplands and pasture, shifting cropland to permanent grasses, and increasing the use of production practices (particularly no-till) and rotations that raise soil-carbon levels. Model simulations were run reflecting 15-year sequestration contracts for four alternative payment designs and six alternative payment levels for additional sequestered carbon.

The report finds that: agriculture can provide low-cost opportunities to sequester additional carbon in soils and biomass; different sequestration activities studied become economically feasible at different carbon prices; and the estimated economic potential to sequester carbon is lower than previously estimated technical potential.

Further, the report finds that an incentive system with both payments for carbon sequestration and charges for carbon emissions may be much more cost effective than a system with payments only.

Johns Hopkins University Global Water Magazine

The Global Water Magazine aims to become a leading online forum for dialogue and exchange of ideas between stakeholders, researchers, journalists, NGOs, students, local and national government agencies, and other institutions and individuals working on domestic and international water challenges.  It offers reports and op-ed style writings from leading thinkers and practitioners engaged in these challenges, and notes from the field describing experience of researchers and practitioners.  

USAID Global Waters Newsletter

Global Waters is a bi-monthly newsletter dedicated to sharing the challenges and opportunities, and the approaches and lessons learned that reflect upon USAID programming in the water arena. Each issue will highlight the work of USAID’s many implementing partners, as well as some of the more intimate stories of how the Agency’s work directly affects individuals, families, and communities around the globe.

A Knowledge and Assessment Guide to Support the Development of Payment Arrangements for Watershed Ecosystem Services (PWES): Full Report

The authors contend that payments for watershed ecosystem services are frequently based of generalizations that may not be true in the watersheds where the program operates. Through tackling common myths about watershed management and looking at the need for monitoring and information collection, good science and institutional arrangements are encouraged to assure the intended results are produced from payment programs. The report looks at how water modeling and water balances should be used to analyze watersheds for expected outcomes from changing land use practices.

How Much Is An Ecosystem Worth?

The World Bank, IUCN – The World Conservation Union, and The Nature Conservancy worked together to clarify the aims and uses of ecosystem economic valuation, focusing on the types of questions that valuation can answer, and the type of valuation that is best suited to each purpose. This document is the result of that co-operation. It does not seek to provide a detailed "how to" manual on economic valuation. This report aims instead to provide guidance on how economic valuation can be used to address specific, policy-relevant questions about nature conservation.

NOAK-NEFCO Partnership Initiative: Feasibility Study on Up-Scaling Mitigation Action in Peru and Vietnam

The Initiative, announced at a ministerial meeting held at Reykjavik in September 2010, complements the international climate policy of the Nordic countries and forms part of their continuous efforts to stay at the forefront of effective climate mitigation action. A working group constituted for this Initiative held its first meeting in Stockholm on October 2010. The group‘s mission is to pilot the initiative and identify concrete options for up-scaled support for nationally appropriate mitigation action approaches in preparation of one or more Pilot Programmes.

Following extensive consultations, including several meetings held at COP 16 in Mexico, the countries selected for a feasibility study and, potentially, the implementation of Pilot Programmes were Peru and Vietnam. This report contains the results of the Feasibility Study conducted by GreenStream and Climate Focus, together with their local partners, FONAM (Peru) and ENERTEAM (Vietnam), in close co-operation with both host countries.

In March 2011, the Nordic Environment Ministers provided their strong support for the continuation of the Initiative into a pilot phase once the Feasibility Study phase is finalised.

The Feasibility Study consisted of an analysis of publicly available information, week-long missions of the working group to both countries and intensive stakeholder consultation. Meetings were held and interviews conducted with about 150 government officials, representatives of public institutions, of international organizations and from the private sector. As part of the Feasibility Study, Terms of References were also prepared for the selected Pilot Programme options

Download the report here (PDF)

Stakeholder perspectives on ‘fair and efficient’ benefit distribution along the C-redd value chain

Local implementation of efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) can be analyzed to be part of a ‘value chain’. The primary ‘service’ is a direct reduction of emissions and a medium-to-long term reorientation of development pathways towards the maintenance of high-carbon-stock landscapes. The ultimate ‘service’ for which there may be a market is a ‘credible and creditable’ quantification and documentation of emission reduction compared to an agreed (negotiated) baseline (‘additionality’ beyond reference emission levels) after corrections for leakage effects and risks of non-permanence. The steps of the value chain beyond the landscape where emission reduction takes place involve subnational + national + international levels that currently still have to operationalize rules that allow the value chain to work. In this process an external drive for efficiency (low cost emission reduction) interacts with the need for fairness (supporting conservation commitment, avoiding perverse incentives). The development of operational subnational REDD+ implementation rules involves a learning curve for all involved, the local stakeholders as well as the potential investors, regulators and facilitators of the process. Learning by the stakeholders might in future be facilitated by formal research results, but a more direct ‘learning by doing’ is needed at this stage. We report the development and use of a research tool FERVA for analysis of fairness and efficiency along REDD+ value chains, and its initial use in Indonesia and Peru. For Jambi province in Indonesia we also report further steps to engage potential REDD+ stakeholders in the design of subnational implementation mechanisms, including discussions with ‘Orang Rimba’ as the local forest dwellers are indicated. A simulation model that quantifies distributional effects (‘equity’) complements the ‘perceived fairness’ perspective that was expressed in the various focus group discussions. Vietnam is considering the coupling of REDD+ funding and an existing scheme of payment for watershed functions. This approach may reduce transaction costs, but brings its own challenges to both fairness and efficiency dimensions, as discussed here.

Download the report here

The central Asia and Mongolia bioresources and biosecurity network: capacity development on access to genetic resources, benefit-sharing, and biosafety in central Asia and Mongolia bioresources and biosecurity network

This report focuses on central Asia and Mongolia, rich in both genetic resources and traditional knowledge. The paper highlights the rich biodiversity of the region, the origin of many wild cultivars of domesticated crops of importance to the world, such as apricots and walnuts, as well as of endemic medicinal plants such as liquorice and Trans-Caspian thyme. The paper reports on a series of workshops organised by the United Nations University. The principal aim of the workshops was to assist countries within the region to conserve and use their biological diversity in a sustainable manner.

Water Quality Trading Programs: An International Overview

“Water Quality Trading Programs: An International Overview” provides a worldwide look at the state of water quality trading, including an overview of the scope of current programs, and an in-depth analysis of key factors that contribute to a trading program’s success, based on a survey of stakeholders. Building on these key factors, the report also makes recommendations for developing water quality trading programs.  

India Water Portal

The India Water Portal is a one-stop shop for information on water management in India. It aims to draw on the rich experience of water-sector experts, package their knowledge and add value to it through technology and then disseminate it to a larger audience through the internet. Knowledge asymmetries between stakeholders of the water sector can be a critical factor hampering the sustainable management of our water resources. The Portal seeks to address this asymmetry by sharing best practices, advocating sustainable approaches, bringing transparency of public data and information, and by spreading awareness.