In this paper, CCIF explains that conservation concessions enable host countries to capitalize on their ample supply of biodiversity-rich habitats and stimulate economic development by mimicking the payment structure of other business transactions and offer immediate, transparent protection for resources in question. The conservation community may have been quick to dismiss concessions for protected areas […]
A report from the journal Environmental Health Perspectives on the connection between global environmental change, health, and medicine.
A case study written for the Vth IUCN World Parks Congress, Finance and Resources Stream: Regional Case Studies, Durban, South Africa.
A Powerpoint presentation given at the 5th World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa, on the endowment model for marine protected area financing in Southeast Asia.
With support from USAID, WWF evaluated the Americas Funds debt-for-nature swap in Peru – established under the Enterprise for the Americas Initiative.
The purpose of this paper is to identify strategic opportunities for pollinator protection in North America. This work provides strategic approaches for active organizations dedicated to pollinator protection as well as for current and potential funders with funding opportunities for pollinator protection. Two major funding needs to further the field of pollinator protection were identified: […]
Carbon annuities have been suggested as a means for rewarding landowners for preserving forests and sequestering carbon. Although this is an intuitively appealing approach, the benefits of the sequestration activities have not been compared with the opportunity cost of preserving the forest. This paper represents an initial attempt at analysing how large carbon annuities must […]
This paper outlines the potential risks and opportunities associated with the Kyoto Climate Treaty with regards to biodiversity conservation. The authors argue that the Kyoto Protocol as currently written does little to advance solutions that benefit biodiversity, and in many ways could unwittingly promote further biodiversity loss from the kinds of projects it encourages, such […]
In this book, ecologists, conservationists, lawyers, and atmospheric scientists detail the benefits of alternative market-based systems for reducing and sequestering the carbon emissions currently threatening the planet with global warming and the destruction of animal and human habitat. Swingland (a conservation biologist with The Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology) edits 20 chapters including electricity […]
The authors contend that payments for watershed ecosystem services are frequently based of generalizations that may not be true in the watersheds where the program operates. Through tackling common myths about watershed management and looking at the need for monitoring and information collection, good science and institutional arrangements are encouraged to assure the intended results […]
This paper begins to examine the close and critical relationships among: biodiversity and ecosystem services; the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); and the goals set out in the UN Millennium Declaration, in particular the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Can a large forest products company manage its lands for timber production and also increase habitat occupied by an endangered species? A plan developed by International Paper, Environmental Defense, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources is proving that it's possible.
This paper explores definition and measurement of ecosystem services, development of institutions and mechanisms to facilitate trade and integration of these instruments into the broader natural resource management agenda and toolbox, all with respect to pilot markets for ecosystem services in three case study catchments. Emphasis is placed on pilot selection rationale and identification of […]
This Special Report discusses the global carbon cycle and how different land use and forestry activities currently affect standing carbon stocks and emissions of greenhouse gases. It also looks forward and examines future carbon uptake and emissions that may result from employing varying definitional scenarios and carbon accounting strategies, linked to the Kyoto Protocol, within […]
This evaluation has two areas of focus: (1) a general evaluation of the Enterprise for the Americas Environment Account (Americas Account) for Colombia, and (2) an institutional evaluation of ECOFONDO and the FFEA, the two organizations that have administered the Account. However, since ECOFONDO has not managed the Americas Account since 2000, emphasis has been […]
This paper looks at the role of INBio's facilitation of bioprospecting to Costa Rica's quest to protect its biological wealth while simultaneously promoting the social and economic development. Gí¡mez concludes that INBio has assisted in Costa Rica's sustainable development by providing the country with vast and complex experience on access, legislation and uses of genetic […]
This OECD study explains that, when public or private natural areas charge entrance or other access fees to tourists, they in effect sell biodiversity to visitors. This market is perhaps the easiest to create in the context of natural area services, and resulting fee revenues can make substantial contributions to conservation. Indeed, tourism's financial and […]
The Ramsar discussion paper Economic Valuation of Wetlands on the River Basin Scale examines wetland ecosystem goods and services and relevant economic valuation methods, their applications, and constraints and limitations to their use. The paper provides an introduction to the concept of wetland ecosystem services and a menu of valuation methods with general and specific […]
This presentation given at the 2003 Katoomba Group meeting in Switzerland outlines a project by WWF in Central America to develop a Water Fund that would engage willing and financially able water users to pay for water related ecosystem services from the Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve in Guatemala. The presentation outlines the steps […]
This comprehensive report looks at biodiversity, greenhouse gas and hydrological services as well as bundled services being paid for by various Costa Rican payment schemes. By looking each type of services the authors describe and evaluate each markets.