Rahr Malting Company, Watershed Based Permitting

This short update states that Rahr Malting Company successfully created phosphorous reductions through nonpoint source pollution reductions. The company exceeded its permit of 150 pounds of CBOD reductions per day by completing four trades resulting in 204 pounds of reductions per day.

Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

This is a comprehensive list and information source of historic agreements related to freshwater. With sections for each continent, tables and maps of key demographic and ecosystem information it puts the agreements in their social and environmental context. These agreements are the base from which ecosystem service transactions will build.

Funding Opportunities for Pollinator Protection in North America: A Report for the Pollinator Protection Campaign with support from the Turner Foundation.

The purpose of this paper is to identify strategic opportunities for pollinator protection in North America. This work provides strategic approaches for active organizations dedicated to pollinator protection as well as for current and potential funders with funding opportunities for pollinator protection. Two major funding needs to further the field of pollinator protection were identified: one, gathering compelling evidence and two, strategic activities with large landowners. Currently, very few funders have made pollinator protection a focus of their programmatic grant making. There is a need to bring funders supporting related projects, such as biodiversity conservation and sustainable food systems, on board. The funding opportunities outlined in this report provide several examples that may be of interest to them.

A Knowledge and Assessment Guide to Support the Development of Payment Arrangements for Watershed Ecosystem Services (PWES)

The authors contend that payments for watershed ecosystem services are frequently based of generalizations that may not be true in the watersheds where the program operates. Through tackling common myths about watershed management and looking at the need for monitoring and information collection, good science and institutional arrangements are encouraged to assure the intended results are produced from payment programs.

Red-cockaded Woodpecker Conservation Banking

Can a large forest products company manage its lands for timber production and also increase habitat occupied by an endangered species? A plan developed by International Paper, Environmental Defense, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources is proving that it's possible.

Fish and Wildlife Service Releases Conservation Banking Policy

Environmental Defense (ED) lauds the creation of formal guidance on conservation banking. ED explains that "federal guidelines were clearly needed and should ensure greater consistency in the Fish and Wildlife Service's approach to banking, but that the failure of the Service to invite public comment on the guidance is ill-advised and the new conservation banking policy, which is ambiguous or unclear in a number of places, would have benefited from outside scrutiny."

Market-Based Instruments: The Forum Approach

"The Water Initiative is a World Economic Forum program to ""an initiative to facilitate
multistakeholder cooperation in the management of water and watersheds 'from the summit to the sea.'"" The program involves public-private partnerships that identify opportunities for payments for environmental services and the exchange of best practices. The presentation also give an overview of the Global Greenhouse Gas Register that allows companies to understand their green house gas emissions, their impacts and opportunities to reduce and offset them."

US Power Industry and Incentive Based Mechanisms – Focus on Water Issues

In this presentation Adam Davis, working for the US based Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), reviews water related issues facing the electric power industry and gives examples of payment opportunities for landowners. He looks at incentive systems, water rights transfer markets and pollutant trading markets. He gives an interesting example of habitat creation as an alternative to offset environmental impacts of power plants.

Beyond Carbon Emerging Nexus Emerging Nexus Solar

Through examples and conceptual diagrams WorldWater Corporation presents the opportunity to combined solar energy and water pumping to provide water where it is currently unavailable, give added security to water treatment and supply plants for industrialized utilities and reduce pumping costs and emissions from diesel generators used by farmers. This powerful concept is demonstrated through projects in the Philippines and California. This basic concept shows the applicability for diverse settings, including a payment driven mechanism for the rural poor.

Water Quality Trading Frequently Asked Questions for Clean Water Services Permit

This is one of several documents regarding the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality's watershed-based waste discharge for Clean Water Services. The set of documents, including the NPDES permit itself, show the types of documents and issues that must be addressed when establishing tradable pollutant credits. The focus of this document is on temperature and oxygen demand parameters.

Report of the Conservation Innovations Task Force

This report documents a general discussion among the Conservation Innovations Task Force (CITF) members revealing "the remarkable variability among state and local conservation programs and needs nationwide. This brainstorming session on emerging issues of importance to the National Conservation Partnership (NCP) led to the identification of seven substantive areas that need to be addressed in future conservation programs: partnerships, national policy and programs, education, energy, trading and market-driven approaches, urban conservation, and marketing."

Selling Forest Environmental Services: Market-based Mechanisms for Conservation and Development

Two environmental economists with the International Institute for Environment and Development and Pagiola (an environmental economist with the World Bank) are the editors and among the authors of this collection of 15 essays in this book. The papers present case studies of the application of market-based mechanisms for watershed management, biodiversity, forest carbon, and other resources, in countries that include the US, Canada, Australia, India, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Chile, Panama, and Brazil. The book demonstrates how payment systems can be established in practice, their effectiveness and their implications for the poor.

The Potential of U.S. Forest Soils to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect

The editors (three of whom are with the U.S. Department of Agriculture Provides) of this book provide researchers and policy makers with an understanding of soil processes and their relation to carbon dynamics, as well as strategies to monitor and techniques to measure forest soil carbon. The central topics addressed include the extent, general dynamics, and carbon dynamics of U.S. forest soils; soil processes and carbon dynamics; management impacts on U.S. forest soils; specific forest ecosystems; and synthesis and policy implications. Includes chapters on economics, policy issues, and future research priorities.

How New York City Used an Ecosystem Services Strategy Carried out Through an Urban-Rural Partnership to Preserve the Pristine Quality of Its Drinking Water and Save Billions of Dollars

The New York City watershed protection program may be the most well known example of economics driving a decision to invest in water based ecosystem services. In this narrative the Albert Appleton, Commissioner of the New York City Department of Environmental Protection and Director of the New York City Water and Sewer system, during the creation of the program steps through the social and political process of developing this program. He gives insights in to the difficulty of breaking with status quo policy approaches and the benefits for following instinct allowing for innovation and cooperation that resulted in saving New York City billions of dollars and protecting their environment.

Second Nature: Improving transportation without putting nature second

Because transportation infrastructure necessarily precedes development, current transportation planning will shape future urban growth. This report argues that mobility does not have to come at the expense of biodiversity. "Second Nature: Improving Transportation Without Putting Nature Second" profiles innovative programs that seek to improve transportation infrastructure while protecting biodiversity. Conservation banking is covered as one of these innovations.

The Role of Tradable Permits in Water Pollution Control

This analysis of pollutant trading opportunities and review of existing markets was undertaken to encourage discussion by water managers in Chile. The paper gives a brief overview of each type of economic incentive related to water including taxes, water pricing, service charges, subsidies, liabilities for damages and tradable rights and permits. The paper concludes with a recognition of the need for strong legal frameworks that are linked to the practical realities of the country attempting to create a trading system to make the trading system a potential success.

Gopher Tortoise Conservation Bank

This article discusses how a conservation bank established by the Mobile Area Water and Sewer System (MAWSS) in 2001 will offer help to both of the gopher tortoise and small land owners by allowing development to continue while restoring and permanently protecting the longleaf pine habitat that the tortoise prefers.

Brief Overview of Carbon Sequestration Economics and Policy

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the issues and challenges involved in analyzing the costs and program design for US policies dealing with forest carbon sequestration. Although many of the issues are couched in terms of implementing a US carbon sequestration program, many apply equally well to the design of an international program.

The first section of the paper examines some of the pitfalls of comparing the results of carbon sequestration cost studies and suggests some simple ways which analysts could make their results more useful. The second section of the paper reviews issues related to the implementation of a carbon sequestration program, including which policy tools are available and which have received the most attention, some of the challenges for using those policy tools, and one alternative that has received little attention, but may become necessary. The final section of the paper provides conclusions."

Biodiversity and Disease Risk: the Case of Lyme Disease

Dr. Ostfeld's studies suggest that two seemingly unrelated topics — biodiversity and human disease — might be more closely intertwined than previously thought, at least in the case of Lyme disease. After trapping and counting animals that coexist with the white-footed mouse, his team reached the following conclusion: the greater the relative abundance of non-mouse hosts, the lower the percentage of Borrelia -infected ticks.
Ecologists have known for years that when forested landscapes are carved up, biodiversity decreases. In small forest fragments, the white-footed mouse population skyrockets, probably due to the loss of their predators and competitors. Meanwhile, the absence of diversity removes the natural checks on Borrelia transmission provided by other animal species. As a result, Dr. Ostfeld's group sees a dramatic rise in infected nymphs. 'The ticks have nothing but mice to feed on, but they have a lot of mice.

Bear Creek- Mill Branch Mitigation Bank

The Bear Creek- Mill Branch Mitigation Bank is a 145-acre site constructed in 2001. The site was restored from ditched and drained crop land to a Cypress-Tupelo Swamp and Bottomland Hardland Forest. This restoration was performed by Restoration Systems.

North River-Ward Creek Mitigation Bank

North River is the 360-acre mitigation portion of a larger restoration project organized by Restoration Systems, Tanglewood Farms and the North Carolina Coastal Federation. The mitigation bank provides credit for wetland impacts in White Oak River basin and parts of Pamlico Sound.

North River-Ward Creek Mitigation Bank

North River is the 360-acre mitigation portion of a larger restoration project organized by Restoration Systems, Tanglewood Farms and the North Carolina Coastal Federation. The mitigation bank provides credit for wetland impacts in White Oak River basin and parts of Pamlico Sound.

Marsh Resources Pott Creek Wetland Mitigation Bank

The Marsh Resources Pott Creek Wetland Mitigation Bank is a 74-acre site composed of forested wetland and stream restoration built for the North Carolina Department of Transportation for future road projects in the Catawba River Watershed. The site was previously used as a cattle pasture. Existing ditches were filled and a more natural stream channel was excavated for the site. This site was remediated by Marsh Resources, Inc.

Julie J. Metz Wetlands Bank

the Julie J. Metz Wetlands Bank is a 227-acre mitigation project that created 19.1 credits of nontidal freshwater wetlands. This remediation consists of forested wetlands, emergent marsh and shrub wetlands. A trail, boardwalks and an observation blind provide public recreation. This site was mitigated by Wetland Studies and Solutions, Inc.