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3430

A Knowledge and Assessment Guide to Support the Development of Payment Arrangements for Watershed Ecosystem Services (PWES)

The authors contend that payments for watershed ecosystem services are frequently based of generalizations that may not be true in the watersheds where the program operates. Through tackling common myths about watershed management and looking at the need for monitoring and information collection, good science and institutional arrangements are encouraged to assure the intended results […]

3015

When Money Flows Upstream: Payment for Watershed Services in Guatemala

This presentation given at the 2003 Katoomba Group meeting in Switzerland outlines a project by WWF in Central America to develop a Water Fund that would engage willing and financially able water users to pay for water related ecosystem services from the Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve in Guatemala. The presentation outlines the steps […]

3355

Creating Markets for Ecosystem Services: Notes From the Field

In recent years, a number of initiatives around the world have sought to create markets for ecosystem services, some dependent on government intervention and some entirely private ventures. This paper and presentation will review the status of these projects, discuss their challenges and successes, and reflect on Jim Salzman's recent experience with establishing a market […]

3537

Developing new income streams for farmers – NSW Environmental Services Scheme: Progress Report on Outcomes and Experience Developed during its Implementation

This progress report describes the experiences of the NSW Environmental Services Scheme as of 2003. The primary aim of the Environmental Services Scheme is to look at some of the practical issues that will arise in the development of a market to support the environmental services produced on-farm. These include the costs associated with including […]

3057

The social impacts of payments for environmental services in Costa Rica. A quantitative field survey and analysis of the Virilla watershed

In 1996 Costa Rica implemented an innovative programme of Payments for Environmental Services (PES). Through this programme, forest and plantation owners are financially and legally acknowledged for the environmental services their forests provide to the community, both nationally and globally. By means of a case study of the Virilla watershed in Costa Rica, and using […]

3058

What are we learning from experiences with markets for environmental services in Costa Rica? A review and critique of the literature

The use of markets and payments for environmental services is a topic gaining interest among policy-makers and practitioners worldwide. In the developing world, Costa Rica has led efforts to experiment with the application of these mechanisms. This paper examines the literature regarding the Costa Rica experience to see what we are learning – how technical, […]

3059

Developing pro-poor markets for environmental services in the Philippines

This study reviews the various initiatives in the Philippines to develop markets for different types of environmental service, and also discusses the institutional support mechanisms that have emerged. It identifies a number of market initiatives already in operation, mostly in the form of entrance fees to national parks, but shows that for other types of […]

3283

Selling Forest Environmental Services: Market-based Mechanisms for Conservation and Development

Two environmental economists with the International Institute for Environment and Development and Pagiola (an environmental economist with the World Bank) are the editors and among the authors of this collection of 15 essays in this book. The papers present case studies of the application of market-based mechanisms for watershed management, biodiversity, forest carbon, and other […]

2992

How New York City Used an Ecosystem Services Strategy Carried out Through an Urban-Rural Partnership to Preserve the Pristine Quality of Its Drinking Water and Save Billions of Dollars

The New York City watershed protection program may be the most well known example of economics driving a decision to invest in water based ecosystem services. In this narrative the Albert Appleton, Commissioner of the New York City Department of Environmental Protection and Director of the New York City Water and Sewer system, during the […]

3344

Spatial prioritisation of environmental service payments for biodiversity protection

This study demonstrates the use of TARGET (software) trade-offs analysis for prioritizing environmental service payments (PSA or ‘Pagos por Servicios Ambientales' in Spanish) to private land-owners in the Osa Conservation Area (ACOSA), Costa Rica. The paper answers a number of research questions of direct management relevance in ACOSA and general relevance to biodiversity conservation planning […]

3553

Sharing with the Kanis: A case study from Kerala, India

This case study details the access and benefit-sharing deal set up in the late 1980's between the Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Institute (TBGRI) of Kerala, southern India, and the Kani Tribe. The Kanis introduced TBGRI to a medicinal plant in thier forest from which a drug named 'jeevani' was isolated and commercialized.

3051

People, Plants, and Justice: the politics of nature conservation

This book probes the social and environmental concequences of market-linked nature conservation schemes. Rather than supporting a new anti-market orthodoxy, Charles Zerner and colleagues assert that there is no universal entity, "the market." Analysis and remedies must be based on broader considerations of history, culture, and geography in order to establish meaningful and lasting changes […]

3014

Financing Environmental Services: The Costa Rican Experience and its Implications

This article provides a snapshot of a fascinating, rapidly evolving experiment in progress: markets for the environmental benefits of forests. Costa Rica is blazing a trail into a previously undisturbed jungle of policy issues. This paper describes the practical issues that Costa Rica has faced, the nuts and bolts mechanics of how it has approached […]

3837

Guide to carbon market access for farmers in India

How can smallholder farmers participate and benefit from the growing carbon market? A new report by the WorldAgrofrestry Center (ICRAF) shows that through a SMART-CDM approach, farmers can engage in specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and tangible practices to qualify access to carbon markets. The report documents a project called Taking the Heat Out of Farming […]