This is a comprehensive list and information source of historic agreements related to freshwater. With sections for each continent, tables and maps of key demographic and ecosystem information it puts the agreements in their social and environmental context. These agreements are the base from which ecosystem service transactions will build.
In this paper, CCIF explains that conservation concessions enable host countries to capitalize on their ample supply of biodiversity-rich habitats and stimulate economic development by mimicking the payment structure of other business transactions and offer immediate, transparent protection for resources in question. The conservation community may have been quick to dismiss concessions for protected areas […]
The authors contend that payments for watershed ecosystem services are frequently based of generalizations that may not be true in the watersheds where the program operates. Through tackling common myths about watershed management and looking at the need for monitoring and information collection, good science and institutional arrangements are encouraged to assure the intended results […]
A presentation to workshop on "Reconciling Rural Poverty Reduction and Resource Conservation: Identifying Relationships and Remedies" at Cornell University, Ithica, NY.
"The Water Initiative is a World Economic Forum program to ""an initiative to facilitate multistakeholder cooperation in the management of water and watersheds 'from the summit to the sea.'"" The program involves public-private partnerships that identify opportunities for payments for environmental services and the exchange of best practices. The presentation also give an overview of […]
Presentation on the feasability of a volutary biodiversity offsets, given at the Katoomba VI meeting in Locarno, Switzerland on November 1st, 2003.
Through examples and conceptual diagrams WorldWater Corporation presents the opportunity to combined solar energy and water pumping to provide water where it is currently unavailable, give added security to water treatment and supply plants for industrialized utilities and reduce pumping costs and emissions from diesel generators used by farmers. This powerful concept is demonstrated through […]
This case study looks at the role of intellectual property rights in the benefit-sharing arrangements concerning the “Jeevani” drug, which was developed by scientists at the Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (TBGRI), based on the tribal medicinal knowledge of the Kani tribe in Kerala, South India.
Two environmental economists with the International Institute for Environment and Development and Pagiola (an environmental economist with the World Bank) are the editors and among the authors of this collection of 15 essays in this book. The papers present case studies of the application of market-based mechanisms for watershed management, biodiversity, forest carbon, and other […]
This conceptual presentation by the Lead Water Resource Specialist at the Asian Development Bank outlines the water related social problems in Asia. The presentation outlines the policy behind the Asian Development Bank's Water for All program. It also makes reference to significant studies and initiatives related to watershed management in Asia.
Developed countries have already established a number of mechanisms to implement environmental transfers either within their own country, or towards other countries, including developing nations. This review looks at a number such of mechanisms with a common matrix of analysis and tries to draw lessons for the design of RUPES mechanisms in Asia. All these […]
A growing body of research suggests that capital markets react to environmental news and thus create incentives for pollution control in both developed and emerging market economies. The use of the market as a regulatory mechanism may be particularly important in developing countries where monitoring and enforcement capabilities are limited. A link between stock prices […]
Presentation on: INRM and research and development in agro-forestry; RUPES; and Setting for Developing Markets for Environmental Services (Indonesia, Philippines, and Vietnam).
This case study details the access and benefit-sharing deal set up in the late 1980's between the Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Institute (TBGRI) of Kerala, southern India, and the Kani Tribe. The Kanis introduced TBGRI to a medicinal plant in thier forest from which a drug named 'jeevani' was isolated and commercialized.
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is seeking new approaches to improve water management outcomes in the face of a growing water crisis caused by ongoing pollution control and watershed management challenges. This has included numerous experiments in “eco-compensation” (which shares characteristics with payments for ecological services). This paper details progress in creating a national […]
Environmental regulatory measures, such as emissions trading system, are popular options adopted by many nations and regions, and how they affect corporate activities and behavior as well as the international competitiveness of industries is of a vital interest to stakeholders. The paper analyzes a number of previous studies on this subject and estimates international competitiveness […]
How can smallholder farmers participate and benefit from the growing carbon market? A new report by the WorldAgrofrestry Center (ICRAF) shows that through a SMART-CDM approach, farmers can engage in specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and tangible practices to qualify access to carbon markets. The report documents a project called Taking the Heat Out of Farming […]
Agroforestry and other tree-based systems (wood lots, afforestation) can contribute to REDD+ in two ways: 1) as part of REDD+ under certain forest definitions; and/or 2) as part of a strategy for achieving REDD+ in landscapes. In the context of REDD+, agroforestry has the potential for reducing degradation by supplying timber and fuelwood that would […]
The early studies of the ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins stratified the domain for study into stages of a generic transition pathway that suggested a strongly non-linear trajectory of change. In this scheme, a phase of degradation of above-ground vegetation, based on over-logging or shortening fallow cycles in intensified swiddens can lead to […]
Forest projects around the world are working to confront the practical challenges of reducing emissions and providing local benefits. To facilitate the development of forest projects, we have compiled strategic step-by–step guidance to emerging best practices. Drawing on the experience of the Katoomba Incubator, this series of documents helps project developers understand key technical, social, […]