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Conservation Finance: Moving Beyond Donor Funding Toward An Investor-Driven Approach

This report shows existing unexploited private sector investment opportunities to increase conservation finance and deliver maximum conservation impacts while, at the same time, generating returns for investors. In order to develop appropriate financing structures and ensure that private sector conservation finance results in measurable conservation outcomes, financial institutions and non-governmental organizations must experiment and define […]

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Rahr Malting Company, Watershed Based Permitting

This short update states that Rahr Malting Company successfully created phosphorous reductions through nonpoint source pollution reductions. The company exceeded its permit of 150 pounds of CBOD reductions per day by completing four trades resulting in 204 pounds of reductions per day.

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Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

This is a comprehensive list and information source of historic agreements related to freshwater. With sections for each continent, tables and maps of key demographic and ecosystem information it puts the agreements in their social and environmental context. These agreements are the base from which ecosystem service transactions will build.

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A Knowledge and Assessment Guide to Support the Development of Payment Arrangements for Watershed Ecosystem Services (PWES)

The authors contend that payments for watershed ecosystem services are frequently based of generalizations that may not be true in the watersheds where the program operates. Through tackling common myths about watershed management and looking at the need for monitoring and information collection, good science and institutional arrangements are encouraged to assure the intended results […]

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Markets for ecosystem services: Applying the concepts

This paper explores definition and measurement of ecosystem services, development of institutions and mechanisms to facilitate trade and integration of these instruments into the broader natural resource management agenda and toolbox, all with respect to pilot markets for ecosystem services in three case study catchments. Emphasis is placed on pilot selection rationale and identification of […]

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Economic Valuation of Wetlands on the River Basin Scale

The Ramsar discussion paper Economic Valuation of Wetlands on the River Basin Scale examines wetland ecosystem goods and services and relevant economic valuation methods, their applications, and constraints and limitations to their use. The paper provides an introduction to the concept of wetland ecosystem services and a menu of valuation methods with general and specific […]

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When Money Flows Upstream: Payment for Watershed Services in Guatemala

This presentation given at the 2003 Katoomba Group meeting in Switzerland outlines a project by WWF in Central America to develop a Water Fund that would engage willing and financially able water users to pay for water related ecosystem services from the Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve in Guatemala. The presentation outlines the steps […]

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Market-Based Instruments: The Forum Approach

"The Water Initiative is a World Economic Forum program to ""an initiative to facilitate multistakeholder cooperation in the management of water and watersheds 'from the summit to the sea.'"" The program involves public-private partnerships that identify opportunities for payments for environmental services and the exchange of best practices. The presentation also give an overview of […]

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National Environmental Accounting: Bridging the Gap Between Ecology and Economy

This book presents national environmental, or "green" accounting as it has developed in Europe and other parts of the world. It introduces the most recent methods developed through the United Nations Statistical Department and other international organizations, but bridges the gap between the superficial treatment of environmental accounting in economics textbooks and environmental literature, on […]

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A Place in the World: A Review of the Global Debate on Tenure Security

Property rights have a profound effect on who benefits from forests. Ellsworth asserts that "the increasingly influential neoliberal property rights school of analysis 'over-emphasizes' the virtues of property rights defined in terms of market trading." Of particular worry are that market-based approaches may create new risks to tenure security, rather than alleviate them, and may […]

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Can a Financial Instrument Improve the Management of Natural Ecosystems?

This report highlights the opportunities presented by the 2000 Amendment to the 1995 Pensions Act in the UK to improve companies' management of natural capital, including ecosystems, the services they deliver and the millions of animal and plant species that constitute biological diversity.

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Creating Markets for Ecosystem Services: Notes From the Field

In recent years, a number of initiatives around the world have sought to create markets for ecosystem services, some dependent on government intervention and some entirely private ventures. This paper and presentation will review the status of these projects, discuss their challenges and successes, and reflect on Jim Salzman's recent experience with establishing a market […]

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US Power Industry and Incentive Based Mechanisms – Focus on Water Issues

In this presentation Adam Davis, working for the US based Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), reviews water related issues facing the electric power industry and gives examples of payment opportunities for landowners. He looks at incentive systems, water rights transfer markets and pollutant trading markets. He gives an interesting example of habitat creation as an […]

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Beyond Carbon Emerging Nexus Emerging Nexus Solar

Through examples and conceptual diagrams WorldWater Corporation presents the opportunity to combined solar energy and water pumping to provide water where it is currently unavailable, give added security to water treatment and supply plants for industrialized utilities and reduce pumping costs and emissions from diesel generators used by farmers. This powerful concept is demonstrated through […]

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Interlinkages between biological diversity and climate change

This report provides background and advice on the integration of biodiversity considerations into the implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. The report provides scientific basis for the development of recommendations for each convention. The key points of the report include: 1) within the context of the Kyoto […]

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Water Quality Trading Frequently Asked Questions for Clean Water Services Permit

This is one of several documents regarding the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality's watershed-based waste discharge for Clean Water Services. The set of documents, including the NPDES permit itself, show the types of documents and issues that must be addressed when establishing tradable pollutant credits. The focus of this document is on temperature and oxygen […]

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WWF Living Planet report 2004

This report assesses the current state of the world's ecosystems, as well as the human pressures on natural resource consumption, known as the ecological footprint. The report highlights the fact that humans are currently consuming 20% more natural resources than the earth can produce. The report also finds that from 1970 to 2000, populations of […]

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Report of the Conservation Innovations Task Force

This report documents a general discussion among the Conservation Innovations Task Force (CITF) members revealing "the remarkable variability among state and local conservation programs and needs nationwide. This brainstorming session on emerging issues of importance to the National Conservation Partnership (NCP) led to the identification of seven substantive areas that need to be addressed in […]