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Brazil Says It Slowed Deforestation;
Challenges Others To Follow Suit
Author: Kelli Barrett

Doha 2012

The UN’s 18th Climate Change Conference in Doha, which began November 27 has concluded. Ecosystem Marketplace covered the events extensively focusing on the outcome of the REDD text.

Brazil Says It Slowed Deforestation: Challenges Others To Follow Suit
The Brazilian delegation discussed its record low deforestation rates and how these rates will impact negotiations at Doha.

Indigenous Leaders Embrace REDD, With Or Without Carbon Markets Indigenous leaders spoke in favor of a program aiming to save 400 hectares of endangered rainforest through an ecosystems-based valuation approach.

REDD+ Sidelined In Dispute Over Verification The REDD text was vetoed after passing the scientific negotiating track over the amount of verification recipient REDD countries will be subject to, opening up the possibility that an agreement on REDD may be postponed another year.

Gold Standard and Fairtrade Broaden Market Access For Small Producers The carbon standard and ethical label are teaming up to bring carbon income to small producers practicing sustainable agriculture hoping to nurture both climate and people.

Congo Basin Forest Fund Steps Up For REDD+ Piloting The Democratic Republic of Congo introduced its National REDD+ Strategy in Doha. This article takes an in-depth look at the nation’s main source of funding-the Congo Basin Forest Fund.

Powerful Forest Friends Deliver Indonesian Approval Of Landmark REDD Project Indonesia's first REDD project that will protect 80,000 hectares of rainforest has been approved after being put on hold for one year.

REDD Limps Out Of Doha-Heavy, Homeless, And Broke REDD negotiators approved new provisions on how to recognize non-carbon benefits but were unable to agree on how to verify emissions reductions or on the creation of a REDD committee.

REDD Inches Forward In Doha Gateway, But Attention Shifts To National Solutions is the last piece of coverage from Doha explaining the setbacks and accomplishments of COP 18 as well as where REDD stands.

Panelists Explore Post-Doha Prospects For Bridging Global Climate Finance Gap offers an analysis on Doha's impact on climate finance from the perspective of industry leaders a month after the event.

Deforestation in Brazil has slowed to its slowest rate since measurements began, according to the Brazilian delegation to the UN’s 18th Climate Change Conference in Doha. The discussion focused on Brazil’s long-term plans to maintain these low deforestation rates as well as how this accomplishment will impact climate negotiations at the conference.








29 November 2012 | Doha | Qatar | Last year’s deforestation rate in the Amazon was the lowest on record since measurements began in 1988, and the record was broken again this year as deforestation was cut by 27%, the Brazilian delegation to the 18th Conference of the Parties (COP 18) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) says, marking a significant achievement for rainforest preservation.

As of right now, Brazil is well on its way toward meeting its 80% reduction of deforestation target by 2020, although the delegation reminded listeners of the long-term difficulties in maintaining low deforestation rates.

“We have to be sure of sustainable development that takes into consideration the environment and economic and social dimensions,” says Andre Correa do Lago, Brazil’s chief negotiator at the COP.

Despite the downward trend, the country’s recently weakened Forest Code adds a new risk to rainforest preservation. In the past two months, deforestation rates in the Amazon rainforest have increased.

But Brazil also has seen advancements in deforestation monitoring technology as well as proper regulation of existing environmental laws that have helped lead to the deforestation reductions. Mato Grosso, the Brazilian state that was the site of 40% of the nation’s overall deforestation, saw a major decrease beginning in 2005. This was in part because of forest protection laws as well as land management changes, according to “Overview of Subnational Programs to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) as Part of the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force ”, published by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI).

REDD (reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation) is another option Brazil has in helping to keep deforestation rates low. The Brazilian state of Acre, for example, signed a memorandum of understanding to link their REDD+ programs with California’s new cap-and-trade program in as early as 2015. California’s program is still discussing if they will accept international REDD credits.

At this point, Brazil’s success at cutting deforestation is a clear indication that developing countries are following through with their part of the international community’s agreement to curb climate change, says Correa do Lago. He believes this information will have an impact on negotiations in Doha in terms of pushing developed countries to act.

Mariana Pavan, Public Policy Coordinator at Idesam, (The Institute for Conservation and Sustainable Development of the Amazonas) agrees. “Brazil is a very good example of developing countries ‘doing their homework’,” she says. “Hopefully this will move developed countries to commit to higher goals.”

To combat climate change, the international community agreed to provide developing nations with the technological and financial resources necessary so these countries could mitigate and adapt to climate change. The developed world has the financial and social stability, technology and capacity to take the lead on fighting climate change but hasn’t, the Brazilian delegation says.

“If these societies cannot reduce emissions in key areas” says Correa do Lago, “then we believe it will be very difficult to ask developing countries to do more.”

At Doha, the Brazilian delegation agreed with China on the importance of a post-2020 road map to secure financial resources. They also emphasized the importance of extending the Kyoto Protocol until 2020.

Brazil’s goals at COP 18 in Doha this year include closing negotiations on the structure of implementing UNFCCC’s climate policies for the next 10 years as well as laying groundwork for next year’s conference that will discuss post-2020 plans more in-depth.

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Kelli Barrett is an editorial assistant at Ecosystem Marketplace. She can be reached at kbarrett@ecosystemmarketplace.com

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